Bulgaria: Eligibility and Guidelines for Students and Recent Graduates

Discover Your Ideal Internship in Bulgaria

Dreaming of an internship in Bulgaria, a captivating blend of history and innovation? Unsure about eligibility and requirements? Fear not! In this guide, we’ll explore the ins and outs of securing an internship in Bulgaria, setting the stage for a remarkable experience.

Bulgaria, with its rich heritage and dynamic work culture, offers a unique blend of tradition and progress. From ancient landmarks to a burgeoning tech scene, the country presents a tapestry of opportunities. To truly embrace the Bulgarian spirit as an intern, immerse yourself in its cultural festivities, savor local cuisine like ‘banitsa,’ and connect with the friendly locals. So, get ready to embark on your journey, relish the flavors of Bulgaria, and dive into a world of internship possibilities. Ready to take the leap? Let’s navigate the realm of Bulgarian internships together, ensuring your path to success in this Eastern European gem is seamless and rewarding. Let Piktalent be your guide on this exciting journey.

Mandatory Internship

vital components of certain academic programs in Bulgaria and are crucial for achieving a diploma. Just like in many countries, these internships are defined in the program's curriculum and examination criteria.

Voluntary Internships

provide an avenue for motivated individuals to gain experience, irrespective of their educational or professional stage. Bulgaria offer a multitude of opportunities for such internships, giving candidates flexibility in duration. In Bulgaria, individual student or postgraduate internships are typically unpaid.

International Internships

refer to the ones taken up outside one’s home nation. For Bulgarian students and professionals, it means engaging in work or learning experiences in countries other than their home country. Depending on the academic or professional requirements, these can be elective or compulsory and may vary in duration.

Bulgaria, a land rich in heritage and innovation, offers an exciting business landscape for your career voyage. Our team of experienced career consultants and internship coordinators is dedicated to guiding your path toward success in this thriving Eastern European nation.

Interning in Bulgaria is a transformative experience. As of 2023, the average stipend for non-mandatory internships lasting over three months stands at EUR 300 per month. While this figure serves as a general benchmark, variations might occur based on the industry and specific roles.

However, Bulgaria’s internships extend far beyond financial compensation. It’s a cultural immersion, an opportunity to learn from industry leaders, and a chance to leave a lasting impact. Your time as an intern in Bulgaria promises personal and professional growth while making tangible contributions to your chosen field.

Internships in Bulgaria span various fields such as health, public science, development, tourism, marketing, and trade, offering a broad spectrum of experiences and learning opportunities. The capital city, Sofia, is a hub for internship opportunities, especially in tech innovation and culture.

Eligibility Requirements for Internships in Bulgaria

However, navigating through the eligibility requirements can be intricate, with distinct criteria for EU and non-EU citizens. Whether you are an EU citizen contemplating a short-term experience or a non-EU citizen aspiring for a longer stay, understanding the prerequisites is the first step towards a successful internship in Bulgaria.

For EU Citizens:
1. Age and Language Requirements:
  • The typical age requirement for internships in Bulgaria varies depending on the company or institution. However, many expect applicants to be at least 18 or 19 years old.
  • Fluency in English is a standard requirement. Some companies may prefer or require knowledge of Bulgarian or another language.
2. Educational Background:
  • Many Bulgarian internships might necessitate being enrolled in a higher education program or having a degree in the concerned field.
  • Bulgaria’s educational institutions often collaborate with businesses to offer internship opportunities for students.
3. Work Rights:
  • Being an EU member, Bulgaria allows other EU citizens to work without the need for any additional permits.
  • Interns from the EU can work either part-time or full-time, without specific restrictions on working hours.
For Non-EU Citizens:
1. Residence Permit:
  • Non-EU citizens typically need a temporary residence permit for internships in Bulgaria.
  • The requirements might include having an official internship offer or agreement from a Bulgarian company and proof of sufficient funds for the duration of the internship.
2. Maintenance Requirement:
  • Non-EU interns need to demonstrate that they have enough financial resources to sustain themselves during their stay. The exact amount may vary, but it’s essential to check with Bulgarian migration authorities for updated figures.
3. Work Rights:
  • Non-EU students with a temporary residence permit for studies in Bulgaria are allowed to work for a limited number of hours per week.
  • Upon completing their studies, they can seek a different type of residence permit if they wish to remain in the country for work or further internships.
4. Specific Internship Programs:
  • Bulgaria hosts various internship programs, each with its distinct criteria. For instance, programs catering to sectors like IT might have specific requirements related to the field of technology and software development.
Additional Information:
  • For foreign students (both European and non-European), it’s crucial to obtain a TIN (Tax Identification Number) number in order to get some financial contribution. This requires filling out the form of fiscal residence from the National Revenue Agency. More details can be found here.
  • Entry requirements for EU citizens for a stay within 90 days have no formal requirements. For a longer period, foreigners have to respond to requirements arising out of the EU and can live in Bulgaria within 5 years or constantly, for which a certificate is necessary.
  • Non-EU citizens will need two documents allowing them to enter Bulgarian territory: A valid travel document (passport) and a visa (if required). More visa details can be found here.
  • Bulgaria has compulsory common healthcare insurance. For EU citizens, the European Health Insurance Card is required, but it’s also useful to have national insurance. Non-EU citizens are required to have national insurance.

It’s always advisable to carry out thorough research regarding the particular eligibility criteria of the internship you’re targeting, as these can differ depending on the company, the sector, and the current policies. Ensure that you refer to updated sources for the most recent information on internship prerequisites and opportunities in Bulgaria.

Bulgarian Student visas

Internship regulations for national and foreigner

Bulgarian Working Visas

Job regulations for foreigners

Guidelines for Internships in Bulgaria

Securing an internship in Bulgaria can offer invaluable insights and experiences in a country known for its rich cultural heritage and diverse professional landscapes. To navigate successfully through the internship process in Bulgaria, consider the following structured guidelines:

1. Start Early:

Begin your search for internship opportunities in Bulgaria at least six months in advance. This will allow ample time to research potential companies, prepare necessary documents, and network within the Bulgarian professional environment.

2. Prepare Your Application:

Ensure your application is comprehensive, including a well-crafted cover letter, a current CV, and any pertinent diplomas or certifications. Tailor your application to match the specific internship, highlighting relevant skills and experiences that align with the role’s requirements.

3. Understand the Regulations:

Being an EU member, Bulgaria has specific regulations and labor laws for internships. EU/EEA international students can work without a work permit, but those from outside the EU/EEA should verify visa and work permit requirements before applying.

4. Be Patient:

The professional environment in Bulgaria can be competitive. Maintain persistence and continue to explore opportunities without being disheartened by a lack of immediate responses.

5. Language Proficiency:

Proficiency in English is often essential, and knowledge of Bulgarian can be advantageous. Consider enrolling in language courses if you aren’t already proficient, especially if the sector you are targeting typically operates in Bulgarian.

6. Prepare for Interviews:

Once you secure an interview, research the company thoroughly, understand its values, and familiarize yourself with its business model. Practicing potential interview questions and preparing your own set of inquiries can demonstrate your commitment and interest.

7. Follow Up:

After the interview, send a thank-you note or email. This not only reflects good manners but also reinforces your interest in the internship.

8. Stay Informed:

Keep abreast of the specific requirements and guidelines, especially those related to financial contributions and visa requirements, to ensure a smooth internship experience in Bulgaria.

Remember, the journey to securing an internship is unique to each individual. Stay proactive, remain adaptable, and keep your objectives in focus.

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Bulgaria Cultural Considerations

Setting out on an internship adventure in Bulgaria demands a deep understanding of its unique customs and traditions. Here’s a glimpse into the heart of Bulgaria to make your experience unforgettable:

Nodding & Shaking Head

In Bulgaria, nodding the head up and down signifies disagreement or a "no," and shaking the head side to side signifies agreement or a "yes." This is opposite to the gestures in many other cultures and can be confusing for foreigners.

Name Days

Celebrating name days is a unique and important tradition in Bulgaria, often considered more significant than birthdays. It is customary to give small gifts or flowers to colleagues on their name day.


Toast-making is an important part of Bulgarian dining etiquette, especially when drinking Rakia (a traditional fruit brandy). It is customary for the host to make the first toast, usually to guests' health.

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